Correlation of esophageal pH and motor abnormalities with endoscopic severity of reflux esophagitis
Somani SK, Ghoshal UC, Saraswat VA, Aggarwal R, Misra A, Krishnani N, Naik SR
Motility abnormalities, common in gastroesophageal reflux disease, are likely to be related to endoscopic esophagitis.
We studied pH and manometry parameters in relation to the severity of esophagitis.
Forty-seven patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease for > 3 months were evaluated by: (i) endoscopy (grading of esophagitis by Savary-Miller classification); (ii) mucosal biopsy; (iii) manometry; and (iv) 24-h pH-metry.
We found Savary-Miller's grades of: 0 (9 patients out of 47), I (16/47), II (16/47), III (4/47), IV (2/47).
Distal esophageal contraction amplitude was lower in severe (grade II to IV) as compared with mild (grade 0 and I) esophagitis (49 [7-182] versus 83 [27-196] mmHg [P = 0.001]).
The length and pressure in the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), duration and velocity of contraction in the body, number of episodes of reflux and long-duration reflux, longest reflux, median pH, per cent of time with pH < 4 and DeMeester scores were not significantly different between the two groups.
The area under pH 4 showed a negative correlation with LES pressure and amplitude of distal esophageal contractions.
We conclude that higher endoscopic grades of esophagitis are associated with lower amplitude of contraction in distal esophagus.
Lower LES pressure and distal esophageal contraction amplitude are associated with greater area under curve for pH below 4.
PMID: 15209742 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Dis Esophagus. 2004;17(1):58-62.
Correlation of esophageal pH and motor abnormalities with endoscopic severity of reflux esophagitis.
Somani SK, Ghoshal UC, Saraswat VA, Aggarwal R, Misra A, Krishnani N, Naik SR .
Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.